Republic of ColombiaColombia

Population: 44,205,293
Comparison to the world: 28
(July 2010 est.)

Capital: Bogota

Time Difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Land Area: 1,138,914 sq km
Comparison to the world: 26

Border countries:
Brazil 1,644 km
Ecuador 590 km
Panama 225 km
Peru 1,800 km
Venezuela 2,050 km

GDP (purchasing power parity):
US $401 billion (2009 est.)
Comparison to the world: 29

Source: CIA World Factbook

Country Profile

Cartagena de Indias

Colombia is a tropical Republic located in Northern South America that borders Panama to the north, Venezuela to the East, and Ecuador, Peru and Brazil to the South. It is the 26th largest country by land mass, covering 1.1 million square kilometers. It is approximately twice the size of the state of Texas. The geography of the country is characterized by flat coastal lands, central highlands, and a portion of the Andes Mountain Range. Colombia is the only South American country with borders on both the Caribbean and North Pacific.

Colombia is the 28th most populous country in the world with a total population of approximately 45 million. 67 percent of the population is between the ages of 15 and 64. Colombia experiences a low population growth rate of only 1.2 percent (106th in the world), and a negative migration rate of -0.68 per 1000 population. The population of Colombia is largely urbanized, with 74 percent of the population living in built up urban centers.
Colombia is a Spanish-speaking country with a population that is almost exclusively Roman Catholic (90%).

Colombia possesses many natural resources including petroleum, natural gas, coal, minerals, and hydro-electric power. The country exports many agricultural products including coffee, cut flowers, tobacco, sugarcane, and forestry products.