Hungary Country Profile

Hungary Today
Area: Approx 93,030 sq km (35,919 sq miles)
Population: 10,005,000 (May 2010 est)
Capital city: Budapest
People: 94% Hungarian, 2% Roma, 1% German, 3% others
Language: Hungarian (official)
Founded: 895 AD, Current 3rd republic 23 October 1989
Religion: Christianity (74.4%)
Currency: Forint (HUF)
Major political parties: Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union (Conservatism, Christian democracy, National conservatism), MSZP - Hungarian Socialist Party (Social democracy), Jobbik - Movement for a Better Hungary (Nationalism), KDNP - Christian Democratic People's Party (Christian democracy), and LMP - Politics Can Be Different (Green politics).
Government: Parliamentary republic
President: Pál Schmitt (Fidesz)
Prime Minister: Viktor Orbán (Fidesz)
Speaker of the National Assembly: László Kövér (Fidesz)
Membership of international groupings/organizations: United Nations, Red Cross, OECD, WTO, EU accession 1 May 2004

Economy Today
GDP: US $186.3 billion (2009 est.)
GDP per capita: US $18,800 (2009 est.)
Annual Growth: -6.4% (2009 est.)
Inflation: 4.3% (2009 est.)
Labour Force: 4.2 million (2009 est.)
Major Industries: Mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
Human Development Index: 36th
Unemployment: 11.7% (December 2010)
Major trading partners: Germany, Russia, China, Italy, Romania, Austria, Taiwan
Exchange rate: 1.00 USD = 194.502 HUF (2011)
Ease of doing Business Rank: 46th