Due to low levels of general literacy and the prohibitive
cost of computers, computer literacy skills are below target levels. As such,
technology training and skills development are priority areas for the Brazilian
government. The Information Society Program allocates funding for: the expansion
of Internet infrastructure, the interconnection of all public libraries, and the
creation of thousands of community access centers throughout the country.
Schools' Access to ICTs (Stage 3)
Brazil has simultaneously, some of the best universities and graduate programs,
and one of the worst and unequal systems of basic education in the region. Until
the beginning of 2001, much of the ICT access was restricted to a few public
universities in the São Paulo and in the federal system. This is changing due to
the creation of the National Research and Education Backbone RNP2, which has
provided high speed ATM in 13 cities, Frame Relay in 14 cities.
Enhancing Education with ICTs (Stage 2/Stage 3)
A pilot project is being implemented in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to open
high–speed academic networks and provide, through a broadband wireless link (Wi–Fi),
connectivity to nearby favelas (slums). The initiative will link local
Universities to currently unconnected community computer centers.
Developing the ICTs Workforce (Stage 2/Stage 3)
Brazil embarked on its pioneering approach to leveraging ICT for development in
the 1980s; when it began implementing policies to promote the development of
national enterprises in selected segments of the computer industry. The recent
process of privatization and deregulation resulted in dramatic improvements in
the quality, service, and price of phone services. In 1995, Brazil opened the
telecommunications sector to private investment, and also announced a plan for
achieving open Internet services in the country.