Size: Total land area in India-2, 973,190 square kilometers, Total area, including territorial seas, claimed is 3,287,590 square kilometers.
Coal (forth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, natural gas, mica
<![if !supportLists]>u <![endif]>Arable land :54.35%
<![if !supportLists]>u <![endif]>Permanent crops: 2.66%
<![if !supportLists]>u <![endif]>Other: 42.99%
Environment current issues:
<![if !supportLists]>u <![endif]>Air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions
<![if !supportLists]>u <![endif]>Water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not portable throughout the country
<![if !supportLists]>u <![endif]>Huge and overgrowing population is overstraining natural resources
Population: Reached one billion in the year 1999. Its population is growing at a rate of about 1.7% per annum. Mumbai, largest city with 20.1 millions in 2000; twenty-three other cities with populations of more than 1 million.
Language: The people in
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, mongoloid and other 3%.
Religion: Hinduism (82%), Muslim (12.1%) Christian (2.3%)
The Indian economy is vast: a population of over one
billion, a resource-rich land mass, and the 12th-largest economy in the world. Agriculture plays an important, although diminishing role in the
economy, accounting for about 25 percent of the country gross domestic product
(GDP) in 2002. Industry and manufacturing have expanded over the past decade.
These sectors now account for about 24 percent and 16 percent of GDP,
respectively. The service sector has strengthened, growing from 36 percent in
1980 to about 40 percent today.
The Republic of India is a constitutional democracy made up of 28 states and seven union territories. The Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950 and lists the powers of the federal government (known as “the Centre”), those of the states, and those which are concurrent. The President of India is constrained to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers, chosen by the Prime Minister.